Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Specialist

Bay Ridge Endoscopy PLLC

Maher Almoudarres, M.D.

Gastroenterologist located in Brooklyn, New York, NY

The discomfort of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be more than a nuisance, sometimes leading to long-term damage to your esophagus. Dr. Maher Almoudarres diagnoses and treats even the most challenging gastrointestinal disorders. With over 20 years experience treating patients in the Brooklyn community of New York City, Dr. Almoudarres expertly evaluates his patients’ symptoms, and his personalized approach provides the most effective care available. If you’re looking for a solution to your chronic heartburn, difficulty swallowing, and other GERD symptoms, call Maher Almoudarres, MD, or schedule your appointment online today.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Q & A

What is GERD?

GERD is persistent and chronic acid reflux. You get acid reflux when stomach acid flows back into your esophagus from the stomach. This causes irritation to occur in the lining of your esophagus.

GERD symptoms include:

  • Heartburn after eating
  • Pain or difficulty swallowing
  • Feeling as though you have a lump in your throat
  • Pain in your chest
  • Bad breath
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Regurgitating sour liquid or food

Some people experience GERD at night. When this occurs, it can cause additional symptoms like a chronic cough, asthma, or laryngitis. It can also disrupt sleep.

If left untreated, GERD can cause permanent damage to the tissue in the esophagus. This can lead to problems swallowing, painful ulcers, and increase your risk of developing esophageal cancer in the future.

What causes GERD?

Acid reflux is very common, often due to eating certain foods or just eating too much. GERD usually occurs because of dysfunction of the sphincter at the bottom of the esophagus. It either opens when it shouldn’t or has become weakened.  

Your risk of developing GERD increases if you’re:

  • Overweight
  • Pregnant
  • Smoking

Some medications can also increase your risks of developing GERD.

How is GERD treated?

To reach a diagnosis, Dr. Almoudarres performs a full physical exam that includes your medical history.

He might choose from a variety of gastrointestinal diagnostic exams to evaluate the extent of your symptoms, including:

  • Upper endoscopy: examining the esophagus and stomach with a camera inserted orally
  • Upper GI series: X-rays that reveal physical abnormalities
  • Esophageal PH and impedance monitoring: measuring the acid present in the esophagus
  • Esophageal manometry: measuring esophageal muscle contractions during swallowing

GERD is often treated with medications that not only decrease the amount of acid produced by the stomach, but also work to neutralize acids and empty the stomach faster.

To reduce your risk of esophageal damage and future complications, a personalized approach to your symptoms and diagnosis is necessary. Dr. Almoudarres conducts an extensive exam with each patient and provides treatment options based on your unique circumstances.

Call Maher Almoudarres, MD, or schedule your appointment online to learn how to manage your GERD and acid reflux symptoms today.